JUSTClaim - Small claims guide

This site provides a simple and straight-forward guide to making a claim in the english and welsh civil courts. The guide mainly covers the 'small claims' track. However, much of it is also applicable to large claims using the 'fast track' or 'multi-track'.

Small claims guide

This guide explains the procedures used in the english civil court system. It covers the entire process, from before starting the claim through to getting judgement and then on to various enforcement options. There is quite a lot in this guide but don't be put off. In any given claim only a small percentage of the civil procedures applies.

The guide is written from the viewpoint of the person making the claim (the 'claimant'). It is also written on the assumption that the person making the claim will be doing it themselves rather than hiring solicitors. Such a person is sometimes referred to as a 'litigant-in-person'.

Small claims guide

Court Forms

The court forms pages provide additional information about the N1 claim form and some of the more common court forms. Typically, the same forms are used in both county courts and the High Court and for the different 'tracks' (e.g. 'small claims', 'fast-track' and 'multi-track').

Court Forms


Other areas where we offer free legal help

We also provide free help for those needing to appeal their private parking tickets. Please see our sister site LawHero for parking ticket appeal help.

We also can point you in the direction of a solicitor where your case is more complicated (or worth more) than typical small-claims track problems. A common example is for japanese knotweed legal problems, where claims are typically run outside the small claims track. Here, people are generally best-off using a specialist solicitor.

Finally, we have a separate advice page for small businesses who have cash-flow problems because their invoices are not being paid on time. Late payment is a common problem for businesses of all sizes, but there are pieces of law that exist to help small business owners in this situation. Please see our late payment law help page for free advice, or use our late payment interest calculator.

Private parking ticket help

Japanese knotweed legal help

Late payment legal help





Note:- This site is entirely free and is not part of the Court Service. You use the information provided at your own risk.